Types of Hits in Volleyball & Types of Attacks

Types of Hits in Volleyball

Volleyball is a well known game in the world and many people are associated with it. The game is known for quickness, combination of skill and strategy and also for team work. The key aspect of the game is to hit or attack the ball over the net to score the points.

In the volleyball terminology, the attack hit is also known as a spike. There are three main types of hits in volleyball, i.e. the power hit, the tip or dink and the roll shot.

1- Power Hit

A power hit in the volleyball is referred to “spike” or “attack”. It is taken as a forceful and offensive technique to score points. This type of hit is employed by a strong, fast and downward path. The intention is to send the ball over the net and into the opponent’s court. Usually, the hit is so powerful that it cannot be easily defend.

The key characteristics of a power hit in the volleyball game include:

  1. Approach: The approach is a primary aspect in executing the powerful hit. In this strategy, the attacker generates momentum and power for the hit.
  2. Jump: It is part of the approach, wherein the player jumps into the air before making contact with the ball. The height of the jump is crucial to hit over or around the opponent’s block.
  3. Contact: The player makes contact with the ball at the highest point of their jump. This contact is often made with a strong arm swing and a fast snap of the wrist.
  4. Placement: Before executing the power hit, it is imperative to consider the location. The goal is to find that location that is difficult for the opposing team to defend. The criteria is to target the weak blockers or open areas on the court.
  5. Speed and Force: Another important factor for powerful hit is to send the ball with maximum speed and force. The aim is that the ball can become challenge to defend for the opponent’s players.
  6. Variety: There are variety of shot selections, i.e. cross-court spikes, line spikes and tools off the block.
  7. Timing: Last but not least, the time. It is crucial aspect in executing a power hit. To hit the ball at the right moment and at the peak of the jump is necessary for maximum power and accuracy.

Tip or Dink

In the volleyball game, the tip or dink are types of shots that are used for placing the ball over the net. It is often used when trying to score a point. There can be slight difference in execution of these shots.

  1. Tip: The soft touch of the ball with fingertips usually near the net is called tip. It is often used when a player is in an offensive position. In this execution, the aim is to gently redirect the ball over the block and into the opponent’s court. It can be a quick and subtle movement to catch the opposing team off guard. A tip typically has more height and is directed more vertically over the net.
  2. Dink: A dink is similar to a tip. However, it tends to be performed from a slightly farther distance from the net. It is often used in the backcourt. A dink is used when a player wants to gently place the ball over the net and closer to the opposing team’s backline. It is a more precise shot that is designed to land in the opponent’s court. Dinks are often used when the setter is in the back row or when a back row player is taking an attacking shot.

Roll Shot

This type of shot is considered as an attacking or offensive shot. It is used to place the ball over the net and into the other side of court. It is often executed by the players on front row.

There are some tips for execution of the roll shot: –

  1. Approach: The approach of the roll shot is similar to the powerful hit. The difference is that the roll shot is often slower and more controlled.
  2. Contact: The player uses the soft, open handed touch to gently send or roll the ball over the net. The execution is done through the fingertips or the palm.
  3. Placement: The player tries to place the ball in the court areas where no opponent defender is available.
  4. Timing: The time in roll shot plays a vital role in its execution. The player firstly read the blockers and the defense and thereafter determine the best moment to execute the roll shot. It is often used when the blockers are committing to a block and, leaving an opening for a well placed shot.
  5. Deception: Players may use deceptive body movements during their approach to confuse the blockers and defenders, which make it harder for the opponent to anticipate the direction of the roll shot.

7 Types of Attack in Volleyball

There are seven types of attacks that can be used in volleyball:

  1. Slide: It is a quick attack from a hitter. In slide, the hitter runs along the net and gets behind the setter.
  2. Quick: It is taken as a fast attack, which is executed by a middle blocker. He jumps high to hit a set from the setter.
  3. Pipe: This attack is performed by a back row player. He receives a set from another back row player and spikes it over the net.
  4. Back Row Attack: Back row attach is executed by the back row player. The player jumps behind the attack line to hit the ball over the net.
  5. High Ball: It is a attack, wherein the hitter waits for a high set from their teammate and then jumps to hit it over the net.
  6. Combination Hit: It is executed with the help of multiple players. They develop a combination of different types of hits.
  7. Off-speed Hit: It is considered as a slower and less powerful hit, which is used to throw off the opposing team’s defense.

Common Type of Hit Used in Volleyball

All three types of hits discussed above are commonly used in volleyball, however the power hit is the commonly type of hit. It is effective due to obtaining points. Each type of hit has its place in different situations during a game, which make it important for players to master all three.

The different types of hits in the volleyball are necessary to understand for the player who is looking to improve his skills. By employing these hits at appropriate time can become valuable assets to their team.

Types of Volleyball Spikes

In volleyball sport, spiking is one of the most exciting and essential skills to master. There are different spikes in the volleyball: –

Hard Spike

The hard spike is also known as power spike or kill shot. It is the most common type of spike used in the volleyball game. This spike requires a lot of power and force behind it, which makes it difficult for opponents to defend. It is usually done from the front row with a high jump and an aggressive swing motion.

Float Serve Spike

This type of spike is performed during float serving when players try to find weak spots in their opponent side. The float serve is a low spin, however fast moving ball, that is difficult to control. It makes a challenge for opponents to return. It is an effective way to score points and disrupt the opposing team’s strategy.

Jump Float Spike

Jump float spike is similar to the float serve spike. This type of spike is also performed during serving. However, instead of using a standing position, the players use a jump to create additional power behind their hit. The goal is to find weak spots in the other side of the court in order to get points.

Cut Shot

The cut shot is also known as the sharp angle spike. It is another deceptive move that requires accuracy and timing. Players hit the ball at an angle towards the sideline, which make it difficult for defenders to anticipate. This spike is useful when facing a strong middle blocker or to mix up your attacking strategy.

Pipe Spike

This spike is referred to the back row attack. It is a powerful high speed attack, that is performed by the players from the back row. It involves jumping backward towards the net while hitting the ball at its highest point. The speed and power of this attack make it as challenge for opponents to defend. This spike is a popular choice for the professional volleyball players.

Tip Spike

The tip spike is a smart and subtle move where players use their fingertips to redirect the ball over or around the blockers. This spike requires precise timing and placement, which make it difficult for defenders to read and return. It is an excellent option when defending teams are expecting a hard spike.

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